Councillor calls for streets to be named in honour of fallen
Published on: January 17, 2020
| Last Updated: January 17, 2020 4:53 PM EST
17 Jan 2020
Capt. Richard Leary (left) and
Trooper Larry John Zuidema Rudd were killed in action in
Two local soldiers who were
killed in Afghanistan could soon have city streets named in their
Coun. Richard Carpenter plans
to introduce a motion to have the names of Trooper Larry John
Zuidema Rudd and Capt. Richard Leary approved for use as street
Leary, platoon commander of
the 2nd Battalion Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry
regiment, based in Shilo, Man., died on June 3, 2008 of wounds
suffered when Afghan and Canadian soldiers came under small-arms
fire in the Panjwaii district of Afghanistan.
Rudd was killed May 24, 2010
when an improvised explosive device detonated during a routine
security operation 20 kilometres southwest of Kandahar City.
The city’s engineering and
planning departments are currently working on policies for the
naming of municipal streets.
Carpenter’s motional also
calls for city staff to make a submission to the Dominion Command of
the Royal Canadian Legion about the use of the poppy symbol to be
displayed on any city street sign that is associated with the name
of a veteran.
In addition, the motion
directs city staff to arrange for a re-dedication of the Veterans
Memorial Parkway on May 24. In November 2007, council passed a
resolution to change the name of the Brantford Southern Access Road
(BSAR) to Veterans Memorial Parkway.
'My soul is still in Rwanda': 25 years after the genocide, Roméo
Dallaire still grapples with guilt
CBC Radio ·
Posted: Apr 07, 2019 3:59 AM
ET | Last Updated: April 7, 2019
VVi 15 Jan 2020
Retired Lt.-Gen. Roméo
Dallaire speaks with The Sunday Edition host Michael Enright for the
25th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide. (Sinisa Jolic/CBC)
Retired Lt.-Gen. Roméo
Dallaire does not mince words when speaking about Bill Clinton, who
was U.S. president during the 1994 Rwandan genocide.
In an interview with The
Sunday Edition host Michael Enright on the 25th anniversary of the
genocide, Dallaire listened to a 1998 speech in which Clinton
expressed regret for not acting sooner.
"We did not act quickly enough
after the killing began," Clinton told genocide survivors in Kigali.
Dallaire rejects that
assessment as downplaying just how thoroughly the U.S. ignored the
"Most of it is crap," he said.
"A month before the genocide,
[Clinton] produced a presidential directive that stated that the
United States will not engage in any humanitarian operation, unless
it's in its self-interest," he said. "He had instructed his staff —
and I've had the opportunity to meet with his subordinate staff —
not to tell him what the hell was going on."
Dallaire was in charge of the
UN peacekeeping mission during the genocide against the Tutsi
minority. In 100 days, more than 800,000 Rwandans — most of them
Tutsis and moderate Hutus — were slaughtered by the Rwandan military
and Hutu militia.
In the months leading up to
the genocide, Dallaire repeatedly warned the UN Security Council
something catastrophic was brewing. But he said world leaders were
too concerned with preventing peacekeeper casualties to let him act.
Dallaire returned to Canada
devastated and angry, haunted by his inability to prevent the
genocide or convince the international community to do more to stop
"I've been under 20 years,
nearly, of therapy. They have tried, by every means possible, to
take away my guilt," Dallaire said.
"Command is sort of like being
a woman who's pregnant. You can't be pregnant during the week, and
on weekends have a break … There is no, 'I did my best and I'm
sorry.' You are held accountable for your command. There is nothing
that can take that away, and should never be anything."
The Jan. 11 'genocide fax'
Dallaire was deployed to
Rwanda with a small UN peacekeeping force in 1993. He was supposed
to oversee a truce between the Hutus and the Tutsis, but his powers
were tightly constricted by Chapter 6 of the UN Charter.
"You were supposed to be a
facilitator, not a soldier, and the use of force was purely for
self-protection," he said.
On Jan. 11, 1994, a commander
told Dallaire militias were preparing to commit mass atrocities. He
sent the UN Security Council in New York what is known as the
"genocide fax," saying he was prepared to take action — even though
it fell outside the mandate of Chapter 6.
I got the fastest response
from New York that I ever got: 'You will not intervene. You will not
put troops at risk.'
- Retired Lt.-Gen. Roméo
"[The militias] would be able
to kill a thousand Tutsis in 20 minutes, as they were planning. [We
wanted] to try to go after the arms caches, and throw off the
extremists from doing that," he said.
"After the 11th of January
fax, I got the fastest response from New York that I ever got: 'You
will not intervene. You will not put troops at risk.'"
Dallaire later learned that
Clinton and the UN Security Council were reluctant to let him act
because of what had happened in Somalia the year before.
In October 1993, an American
special operations team launched a raid in Mogadishu, and two Black
Hawk helicopters were shot down. Eighteen Americans, two UN
peacekeepers and hundreds of Somali citizens were killed.
Rwanda mass graves could
contain over 2,000 bodies from genocide
"There was a fear … that if I went in and did these things, that
we'd end up in a firefight similar to Mogadishu, and I would take
casualties," he said.
For two months, Dallaire kept
asking the UN to let him take some limited actions to prevent
"We were about to start doing
them when the genocide started," he said.
Humiliation, mutilation and
rape as acts of war
When the Rwandan president's
airplane was shot down by a missile on the evening of April 6, 1994,
Hutus blamed Tutsis. It was the spark that lit a bonfire.
Rwandan radio was full of
calls to "destroy the cockroaches," meaning the Tutsis. Death squads
roamed the streets. People were hacked to death by machete — a slow,
"They realized that, 'Hey, why
just try to kill them? It's such a hell of a lot of hard work, and
there are so many of them.' So they would cut breasts off, Achilles
heel, they'd hit them around the neck — enough for them to just not
be able to move, to stay in the sun and bleed to death. They would
do that even with children," Dallaire said.
"It wasn't just wanting to
kill them. They wanted them to suffer."
The worst dimension, said
Dallaire, was "the introduction of a weapon of conflict that is used
extensively still, that is considered by [the] International
Criminal Court as torture, as a crime against humanity, and that's
Up to half a million women and
children were raped, mutilated or murdered during the genocide.
After escaping Rwanda's
genocide, this woman confronted the neighbour who handed her over to
Even once the
genocide was underway, members of the UN Security Council continued
to debate whether Dallaire had the mandate to act.
In 1994, Lt.-Gen. Dallaire
spoke frequently with Michael Enright, who was the host of As It
Happens at the time. In this interview, less than a month into the
genocide, Dallaire said he and his troops were trying to remain
optimistic more help was on the way.
The Sunday Edition
'There is no desire to leave':
May 4, 1994
On May 4, 1994, Dallaire told
Enright he and his peacekeeping troops hoped they were the "advance
party" to a larger force. 2:15
He remembers speaking with UN Secretary General Boutros
Boutros-Ghali three weeks into the genocide, after more than 2,000
peacekeeping troops had already been withdrawn.
"He told me, 'Listen, the
world cannot handle 450 peacekeepers being killed,'" said Dallaire.
"I had a responsibility to the
lives of my soldiers. But I also had a responsibility to the people
In mid-July 1994, the Tutsi
guerrilla army finally prevailed. Hutus — both the guilty and
innocents terrified of retribution — fled the country en masse.
In the aftermath, 40,000
people perished in cholera outbreaks in refugee camps.
Near the end of the conflict,
Dallaire asked to be relieved of his command. He also began acting
recklessly, hoping it might bring an end to his pain and guilt.
"Although I was ordered to
have an escort, because of the death threats … I would escape from
the headquarters and just go and drive," said Dallaire.
"I was always hoping that I'd
end up in an ambush and I'd be killed."
After returning to Canada,
Dallaire attempted suicide four times.
One night, after an
emotionally gruelling therapy session, he bought a bottle of scotch,
sat on a park bench and drank the whole thing. He spent hours crying
and preparing to end his life.
'I remember crying and
crying': Roméo Dallaire
Roméo Dallaire talks to
Michael Enright about his suicide attempts
"I ended up walking in the
park. I just barely made a couple steps, apparently, then I
stumbled. Then I kept screaming for people to come and kill me," he
"I begged my sister-in-law,
all the way to the hospital, and during the night when I woke up a
couple of times. I kept screaming at her to find a way to kill me."
He woke up "sick as a dog,"
but alive. He channelled his pain and frustration into work.
"I worked and worked and
worked to try to kill myself at work, because I wasn't succeeding in
doing it any other way," he said.
AudioRoméo Dallaire on PTSD
and the deaths of 4 Canadian soldiers
'A large part of my soul is
still in Rwanda'
Dallaire threw himself into
projects to prevent the recruitment of child soldiers, because he
realized many of the atrocities he witnessed in Rwanda were
perpetrated by children.
He is heartened by the growing
human rights field, and believes NGOs are starting to have more
influence on public opinion and policy.
"There is a generation out
there, under 25 ... they don't need borders. They can understand the
environment from a world sense, they can understand human rights
from all sides," he said.
"I've become more and more convinced that one day we will resolve
our frictions without having to use force and conflict … It might
take a couple of centuries, but I'm certainly giving it a shot."
Dallaire said his desire to
die finally ended a year and a half ago. But he believes he will
never go back to being the person he was before the genocide.
"I still say a large part of
my soul is still in Rwanda," he said.
Online Consultation – National Monument to Canada’s Mission in
Afghanistan / Consultation en ligne – Monument commémoratif national
de la mission du Canada en Afghanistan
VVi 03 Jan 2020
(le français suit)
Dear Stakeholders and Advisory
As you may be aware, the
creation of a National Monument to Canada’s Mission in Afghanistan
is currently underway. The Monument will recognize the commitment
and sacrifice of Canadians who served in Afghanistan as well as the
support provided to them at home. The Monument will be located in
Ottawa, Ontario near the Canadian War Museum.
Many Canadians died as a
result of their service in Afghanistan, including Canadian Armed
Forces members, a diplomat, foreign aid workers, a government
contractor and a journalist. Thousands of Canadians were also
injured—physically and psychologically—during the mission.
At this time, we are
consulting on design considerations for the monument via PubliVate
Inc., an independent company who will host the online consultation
on our behalf. The consultation will include questions on the
Monument’s objectives, its form and character, and the type of
visitor experience sought. The questionnaire can be accessed here
(https://canadaremembersafghanistan.ca/) and will be available from
2-20 January, 2020.
Your opinion is important. We
encourage you to participate in the consultation and to promote and
share within your organization and/or networks. Feedback received
will help inform the Monument design guidelines, which will
ultimately guide design teams in developing their concepts.
Later this year, you will have
another opportunity to provide input through public consultations on
the finalist teams’ design concepts, prior to the selection and
announcement of the winning Monument design. For more information
about the National Monument to Canada’s Mission in Afghanistan, we
invite you to click here
The Honourable Lawrence
Minister of Veterans
Affairs and Associate Minister of National Defence
Chers intervenants et membres des groupes consultatifs,
Comme vous le savez
probablement, la création d’un monument commémoratif national de la
mission du Canada en Afghanistan est en cours. Le monument
reconnaîtra le dévouement et les sacrifices des Canadiens qui ont
servi en Afghanistan, ainsi que le soutien qu’ils ont reçu ici au
pays. Le monument sera situé à Ottawa, Ontario, près du Musée
canadien de la guerre.
De nombreux Canadiens sont
morts alors qu’ils étaient en service en Afghanistan, notamment des
membres des Forces armées canadiennes, un diplomate, des
travailleurs humanitaires étrangers, un entrepreneur gouvernemental
et un journaliste. Des milliers de Canadiens ont également été
blessés – physiquement et psychologiquement – au cours de la
Nous avons entrepris des
travaux en vue de déterminer les facteurs à prendre en considération
dans la conception du monument. À cet effet, PubliVate Inc., une
entreprise indépendante, a reçu le mandat de mener une consultation
en ligne en notre nom. Celle‑ci comprendra des questions sur les
objectifs du monument, sa structure et son caractère, ainsi que le
type d’expérience du visiteur recherchée. Vous pourrez accéder à ce
questionnaire du 2 au 20 janvier 2020 en cliquant ici
Votre opinion compte. Nous
vous invitons à participer à cette consultation et à encourager les
membres de votre organisation et du réseau d’intervenants à faire de
même. Votre rétroaction aidera à orienter l’élaboration des lignes
directrices pour le monument, lesquelles serviront à guider les
équipes de conception dans l’élaboration de leurs concepts.
Plus tard cette année, vous
aurez de nouveau l’occasion de fournir une rétroaction par le biais
de consultations publiques sur les concepts élaborés par les équipes
finalistes avant la sélection et l’annonce de la conception retenue
pour le monument. Pour en savoir davantage sur le Monument
commémoratif national de la mission du Canada en Afghanistan,
veuillez cliquer ici
L’honorable Lawrence MacAulay
Ministre des Anciens Combattants et ministre associé de la Défense
of Valour – Canada Society - National Sew Day February
VVi 08 Jan 2020 no
Please circulate this
announcement among your members.
This is a wonderful
organization with amazing people who sew quilts for veterans. They
appreciate everyone's support and encouragement, however great or
Thanks very much.
Quilts of Valour – Canada
Society National Sew Day
February 1, 2020
Make a Block – Make a Quilt –
Make a Difference
We are thrilled to announce
our 2nd Annual National Sew Day on February 1, 2020!
Gather with us to cut, iron,
sew, quilt, and finish Quilts of Valour™ in this year’s Brave and
Quilts of Valour
representatives and quilting groups in your area will set up
locations and times.
For more information and
updates on events in your area, contact your local representative
For patterns and more detail,
check out the "what's new" section on our website
Quilts of Valour – Canada
Society provides quilts handmade by volunteers to Canadian Forces
members and veterans who experience illness or injury as a result of
their service. For more information about donating, volunteering, or
to nominate someone to receive a quilt, visit
Results of scientific inquiry into malaria drugs used by US troops
expected in March
December 26, 2019
VVi 06 Jan 2020 db
During the response to the Ebola epidemic in West Africa, troops
were issued the medication malarone to prevent malaria. The National
Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine is reviewing the
scientific evidence on whether ant-imalaria drugs can cause
long-term health effects. (Staff Sgt. V. Michelle Woods/Army)
A scientific panel plans to
publish next year the results of year-long study of anti-malarial
drugs used by U.S. troops and other federal workers, a review
greatly anticipated by former service members and Peace Corps
volunteers who say their debilitating mental and physical health
symptoms were caused by mefloquine, a once-a-week malaria preventive
issued to thousands who served overseas.
At the request of the
Department of Veterans Affairs, National Academies of Sciences,
Engineering and Medicine researchers are examining existing
scientific literature to determine whether anti-malaria drugs,
including mefloquine, also known as Lariam, cause brain damage,
neurological conditions or psychiatric disorders.
During a meeting of the panel
earlier this year, military veterans and Peace Corps volunteers told
members how their lives were shattered by mefloquine — a
prescription they were ordered to take but frequently wasn’t
documented in their health records.
Marine Col. Timothy Dunn, who
retired in 2018 after nearly 30 years of service, said he began
experiencing vivid dreams, insomnia, anxiety, depression and “brain
fog” as soon as he began taking mefloquine on deployment in 2006.
Since then, his symptoms have
worsened, he said, to include vertigo, ringing in his ears and loss
“You have to do something to
look at this closely and make a fair and just determination,” Dunn
told the panel. “There are many more than I who have had this
Sarah Thompson, a Peace Corps
volunteer in Burkina Faso from 2010 to 2012, said she was issued a
large dose of mefloquine on arriving in the country and then took it
once a week for two years.
She developed psychiatric
symptoms, which she reported to her medical advisers, and later,
disabling dizziness and vertigo. It wasn’t until she returned home,
however, that she learned of mefloquine’s potential side effects
because she never received the original packaging or instructions.
“It’s been over six years
since my return from West Africa and I continue to experience the
side effects from this drug,” Thompson told the panel March 27. “I
know countless other volunteers who continue to struggle on a daily
basis and who are on disability which can be confidently attributed
to this drug.”
U.S. service members routinely
take malaria prophylaxis medications when deploying to countries
where malaria is endemic, such as Afghanistan, Djibouti and
throughout Africa. But anti-malarials also were prescribed in places
where the mosquito-borne disease is not prevalent, such as Iraq,
which has been malaria-free since 2008.